THE RATIO THIS DIET SHOULD BE FED IN IS:
70-80% MEAT : 10-20% BONE : 10% ORGAN MEAT
As you can see most of your diet should be meat, a smaller percentage should be raw bone and the remainder is sourced from vital organ meat, such as heart, liver & kidney, as these are the richest in nutrients of all organ meats.
Attention should be paid to the ratios to ensure that your dog is receiving enough nutrition. Foods can be takes from many animals, both wild and domestic, please see the examples of food below.
The more variety you can create within the diet, the better and more nourishing your dogs raw diet will be. Fat and skin attached to meat and bones is also important to a dog, but avoid feeding large amounts of anything, instead go for everything in moderation.
RAW CHICKEN AND TURKEY
Many raw diets start with chicken or turkey as their base or cushion* - it is usual for a newly swapped dog to remain on this for a week or so before the introduction of other proteins.
Every single part of a raw chicken may be fed to a dog, it can be fed in any form as follows:
*Cushion = A place to go back to if any issues are experienced, such as diarrhoea or a reaction to a new food which has been introduced into the diet
Whilst most raw poultry bones are extremely soft and safe to feed to dogs, please be aware that there is a bone which runs through a turkey drumstick, or leg, some owners may want to remove prior to feeding, if they are concerned, as these bones can splinter and are quite tough. I personally have always let my sheps eat the whole thing and have never had a problem, that is not to say you won't.
GREEN TRIPE, BEEF, LAMB OR VENISON
Possibly one of the most nutritious meals you may ever feed your dog, it comes whole, in lumps or minced on it's own or with another protein such as heart or chicken........make sure to include it in your dog's diet, twice a week, more if you feed more than once a day.
Click HERE for more on green tripe
In my opinion one of the wonder foods you can feed your dog and if that rabbit is whole, or whole portioned and wild caught, then so much the better.
Again, every single part of the rabbit can be used, it can be served skinned and gutted, or with fur in its natural state. Rabbit mince is often available from pet food retailers of the raw diet.
Harder to source than a chicken but worth the effort for it sheer nutritional value.
VITAL ORGAN MEAT
Should make up approx 10% of your overall diet, heart and liver or kidney should be fed in small quantities regularly. You can take them from any animal you like from rabbit to chicken, sheep to cow in fact the more variety you can achieve, the better.
Click HERE for more on vital organs
Here is a good visualisation of the quantities required.This rabbit weighs around 2 lb or 900 grams.
The breakdown of the raw diet should be approx 70- 80% meat, 10-20% bone and 10% vital organ meat. Now you see the rabbit stripped of it's fur, you can get a better idea of how much meat is involved.
The liver of the rabbit weighed 38 gms, the kidneys 10 gms and the heart weighed 5 gms.
You can also see that the 'prey model' bones are surrounded by meat. This should give you a better idea of the ratio of meat to bone that you should be feeding your dog. Many dogs can tolerate a higher % of bone in their diet, but please remember that in a wild situation bone would rarely be consumed without meat surrounding it.
RAW LUNG - ANY VARIETY
Lung, also know as lights, can be fed as part of a raw diet. It is one of those items that falls into a grey category when trying to decide if it is an organ, or if it should be fed as part of the meat consumption. Read more on muscles meats and organs HERE
You can often get lung from your local butcher and it is used in many pet minces.
All of the lung can be fed, including bronchial tubes and membrane.
Any variety you are fortunate enough to be able to source, every bit can be fed, either portioned or in minced form, online compainies now provide minced duck, pheasant etc.
Venison is a fantastic addition when you can source it, some companies will provide seasonal minces and raw meaty bones.
If you are lucky enough to be able to include it in your dog's diet, every bit can be fed.
Beef is a great addition to the raw diet and can be fed in most forms, from tripe to organs, meat to mince.
The only thing that should be given caution is the feeding of beef bones, this includes all types, not just the big knuckles.
They are too dense to be a good diet choice and will wear down your dog's teeth and could even crack one, please stick with the other bones recommended such as lamb, pork, poultry and rabbit instead.
If you do decide to include beef bones, your dog's teeth could end up looking like the 6 years old's teeth in the picture, she has a very healthy mouth but the beef bones have ground down her canines and lower incisors to the point of dentine being exposed
- don't do it !!!
Beef bones are OK for pups who are teething, they have no hope of making an impression on the bone itself but will ease their aching gums trying, once they have their adult teeth through - no more beef bones !!
Veal ribs, if very soft and young are acceptable, as is oxtail, when served in large chunks.
Pork is a useful addition to the diet and all of the pig can be fed. From liver to bones.
Some dogs may get a reaction to pork and so introduce it slowly into the diet and monitor your dog.
Again, every single part of a raw lamb may be fed to a dog, in some cases, the dog may be allergic to chicken, this is not something that happens alot, but it can happen, in this case the bulk of your diet could be derived from lamb and fed in the following forms:
Meaty rib bones
Leg bones ( Even whole legs of lamb occasionally)
Breast of lamb (A big favourite with my own pack)
Lambs liver ( fed in small quantities - once a week )
....And you are never to young to start
Eggs should be fed about twice a week, the really valuable part being the yolk and shell. Shells can be crushed into minced meats. More about eggs HERE
If possible it is always better to feed the egg complete, including the white, some dogs may not like the texture of egg white and you may need to build towards feeding it as a whole food.
Is a vitally important element in the raw diet because of its Omega 3 content. Whole oily fish is best, but it can also be found in a minced form from the retailers of the raw diet. Please read this section about FISH
A really good choice is tiny sprats, fill your freezer up when in season.
Right through to the larger variety, such as trout.
In my experience, raw poultry bones are not dangerous for dogs at all, of any age, my own pups are started on them at 3.5 weeks, here you can see a puppy eating a large chicken portion, be patient, as you have to wait for the eating part, fist seen with his mother at 3 weeks, then on his own at 4 weeks, notice how he deals with the raw chicken..................
Check out this video of a litter of German Shepherd puppies learning to eat bones
These puppies are just 5 weeks old, they are playing with an assortment of bones, some chicken backs which they are actually starting to eat and some larger bones for dragging around and practising on !